You probably know someone who has cataracts or has undergone cataract surgery. It is the most common cause of vision loss in people over age 40, and is also the primary cause of blindness around the world. Cataracts are not an eye disease, but, most commonly, a change we all experience as we age. Cataracts are caused by hardening, thickening, and clouding of the natural lens found inside our eyes, right behind the iris. Sun damage, certain medications, systemic conditions like diabetes, trauma, and increasing age can all accelerate the formation of cataracts. Symptoms of cataracts are blur, glare, difficulty with night vision, and loss of vibrancy of color vision. Cataracts are painless. They can also cause a shift in your glasses prescription. They can be diagnosed by your optometrist with a comprehensive eye exam. Cataracts are curable with surgery by an Ophthalmologist.
If you suspect you may be developing cataracts, or feel your cataracts are worsening, please make an appointment and talk to one of our Optometrists!
For more information, visit: https://www.allaboutvision.com/conditions/cataracts.htm
Macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss among older Americans, and is on the rise as our population ages. Macular degeneration affects the central part of our retina, called the macula. The retina consists of a thin layer of nerves that lines the inside of the back of our eyes. The macula provides us with valuable central vision. We are using our macular vision when we read, drive, watch tv, and recognize detail, such as faces across the room. Symptoms of macular degeneration are blur, distortion, and missing areas in the center of our vision. Risk factors for macular degeneration are aging, genetics, smoking, systemic diseases such as high blood pressure, light eye color, certain medications, obesity, and possibly UV damage from the sun. There are two forms of macular degeneration: dry and wet. Dry macular degeneration causes deposits, called drusen, to form in the macula. It can also cause thinning and scarring of macular tissue. Wet macular degeneration leads to bleeding and swelling in the macula. There is no cure for macular degeneration, but some treatments may slow its progression or even improve vision. Macular degeneration can be detected during a comprehensive eye exam from your optometrist.
If you are concerned about your macular health, or are experiencing changes in your vision, please make an appointment and talk to one of our Optometrists!
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Dry eye is a chronic condition that affects millions of Americans. 25% of patients at eye care practices report symptoms of dryness – this number may actually be much higher! Dry eye occurs when your tears provide inadequate lubrication for your eyes, resulting in many symptoms. Some symptoms of dry eye include; redness, watering, pain, foreign body sensation, blur and burning. Some patients with dry eye may ignore the symptoms, or not realize how dryness is affecting their vision. Symptoms of dryness can worsen if you are a contact lens wearer, have a history of ocular surgery, engage in excessive screen time (computer or phone) or use certain medications. Dry eye can be treated in many ways – your eye care professional can determine the individualized treatment to manage your dryness.
If you are experiencing dryness or would like to learn more about dry eye, please make an appointment and talk to one of our Optometrists!
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Contact lenses are a great option for patients who would like freedom from eyeglasses! Your eye care professional will determine which lenses are best for you. Contacts can correct nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism. Multifocal contact lenses can correct both distance and near vision. Custom, specialty contact lenses may be a better option for more complicated cases. Advancements in contact lenses allow optometrists to provide superior fit and comfort for all your vision needs. Contact lenses are a medical device prescribed by eye care professionals, and should be fit and evaluated regularly, per your doctor’s recommendation.
If you are interested in contact lenses, please make an appointment and talk to one of our Optometrists!
Emergency Eye Issues
Ocular emergencies can happen to anyone! Our providers can diagnose, manage and treat emergent situations.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you should see an eye care professional immediately:
- Flashes and floaters
- Sudden loss or decrease of vision
- Distorted vision
- Pain or redness of eye
- Extreme light sensitivity
- Painful eye movements
- Foreign body in eye
- Double vision
If not treated immediately, these symptoms may result in permanent vision loss. Please contact our office if you are experiencing an ocular emergency!
Common Refractive Errors
Myopia is also known as nearsightedness. This is a condition in which near objects are visibly clear, but distance objects appear blurry. This eye condition is a common genetic trait and can generally be corrected with glasses, contacts or surgery, such as LASIK.
Hyperopia, or farsightedness is the eye condition which causes near objects to be blurry. Although squinting helps, it is best corrected with glasses, contacts or surgery, such as LASIK.
Astigmatism is an eye condition in which one’s cornea is curved asymmetrically. This irregular curvature causes blurred vision at any distance. Astigmatism often coupled with other visual conditions, such as those previously discussed. Like other refractive errors, treatment is generally glasses, contacts or in some cases, surgery.
Presbyopia is the gradual, age-related loss of near vision due to a decrease of focusing ability. Presbyopia generally becomes noticeable around age 43 and worsens with time. Holding objects at arms length helps in a pinch, but it is best corrected with prescription glasses, over-the-counter readers or certain contact lenses.
Adults aren’t the only ones who need eye exams – children should be seen regularly also! A brief examination of your child’s eyes and a vision screening by a pediatrician, school nurse or family practice doctor is not a substitute for an eye exam performed by an eye doctor. Eye problems are often hereditary, and an eye exam can help determine your child’s visual ability. Vision problems could interfere with school performance, sports performance and potentially affect your child’s safety. School aged children should have an eye examination yearly to monitor for any health or vision changes. Pediatric exams will be customized to your child’s age and developmental level.
To schedule an eye exam for your child, please make an appointment and talk to one of our Optometrists!